IKM (Ivon-toeran'ny Kolontsaina Malagasy)

Mangrove, a Guarantee for Sustainable Development and the Population’s Well-Being

Forest preservation

The project aims to restore and conserve mangrove forests on the North-West coast of Madagascar in the threat of various pressures to improve communities’ well-being

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Lead Organization

IKM (Ivon-toeran'ny Kolontsaina Malagasy)

Antananarivo, Analamanga Region, Madagascar


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Project Summary

The continuing degradation of mangroves negatively affects the well-being of communities in the north-west coast of Madagascar and the country’s resilience to climate change. Their culture is closely linked with mangroves which participate in traditional pharmacopoeia, provide forest products, and meet food and nutritional needs, while remaining sources of economic activities for the generally vulnerable local populations.Excessive cuts and conversion of mangrove areas to other uses as (rice growing, salt works, housing) are the recurring problems. Mangrove restoration to rehabilitate its ecological, economic and cultural functions could be the right solution. Reforestation of multipurpose gasoline will be carried out. Income-generating activities will be developed to improve the living conditions of communities. Carbon sequestration resulting from this initiative will build the country's penetration capabilities in the carbon markets and provide financing opportunities to sustain the activities.

Problem Statement

Deforestation as well as continual and rapid degradation of mangroves in the coastal and nearshore areas of northwestern Madagascar are becoming more widespread. These degradations are spurred by the climate change effects and the reliance of local populations, especially vulnerable ones. The ecosystem and marine species inhabited by mangroves are under threat, including crab and shrimp development, and the ecological services provided are hampered. The culture and way of life of closely related local populations are disrupted, while coastal and nearshore areas become more exposed and vulnerable to various bad weather conditions and erosion. Economic systems are being misadjusted and their productivity and production are falling. These situations result from the destructive, irrational and illicit harvesting of forest and marine resources, and from inappropriate use of the site, both by the population, including vulnerable local populations in the search for well-being, and by economic actors who strive to make the highest possible profit.As such, initiatives on the ecological, social, economic and climate change dimensions will be implemented to support the restoration of mangroves and sustainable development in the areas. Establishing population’s well-being, collectively defining actions to be undertaken while respecting the culture-mangrove links, and implementing activities within the transparency and accountability principles, as well as the involvement and participation of all stakeholders in each of their concerning aspect, are the leverage points for achieving results and maximizing impacts.

Solution Overview

The solutions we are going to develop are based on 3 strategic axes, namely the ecological, the socio-economic and the cultural axes. These three axes are interdependent to have a significant impact at local, regional and national levels as well as the safeguarding of the ecosystem. The relationship between these three axes makes it possible to advance in the achievement of our objectives and to progress. The ecological axis deals with the restoration of mangrove’s ecological functions through reforestation the plantation; the socio-economic axis is planned for actions in favor of local communities including support for their usual economic activities, capacity building and material support; and the cultural axis aims to enhance the traditions relating to mangrove preservation. Impacts are at different scales, such as increased income for local communities and rebates for local and regional authorities. The national economy also benefits from the maintenance or increase of fishery products from the target areas because fishing activities are a major source of foreign exchange.This solution can be duplicated in other regions.

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