Federacion Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia

Peace, development and a sustainable future through coffee in Colombia

Lead Organization

Federacion Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia

Bogotá, Distrito Capital de Bogotá, Colombia


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Project Summary

Catatumbo, Sierra Nevada, Serranía del Perijá and La Guajira have been areas greatly affected by violence and extreme poverty. Around 22,800 families barely survive with unproductive coffee crops that give them an average income per capita of US$30 cents a day. Leading them to better management and more profitable coffee crops will reduce poverty and help peace construction in this region.Proposed solution: Increasing income through an integral agronomical model that merges: (i)Improvement of coffee production systems by renovating 11,000hectares in varieties resistant to coffee rust and CBD (from producing 530kg/ha to 1.100kg/ha). (ii)Improvement of postharvest and reduction of water usage through installation of 22,000units of ecological coffee processing systems (Reducing water consumption from 40Lts/kg to -1lt/kg). (iii)Installing 12,000basic sanitation units to increase the population’s wellbeing by providing decent living conditions. (iv)Connecting coffee growers with costumers through technology and local value chain strengthening to generate economic sustainability.

Problem Statement

The complexity of Colombian history, precarious institutions and more than 60 years of armed conflict have given rise to systemic challenges: severe income inequality, drugs traffic, illegal mining, other, all which threaten stability, security and the country’s transition to peace. The government, the private sector and the international community plan to turn the agricultural activities into one of the engines of the post-conflict economy due to its enormous potential (94% of Colombia’s total territory is rural). However, the 2015 census, demonstrated that more than 45% of Colombians in rural areas still live in poverty, being the poverty rate of these areas four times higher than that of the urban ones.Colombian coffee production is the most ancient agricultural practice and contributes with 22% of the agricultural-GDP, employs 30% of the rural population and occupies 903,951 hectares.In the 27 prioritized municipalities of the project, there are 22,899 coffee farmers (28%women/ 72%men) an average income US$0,30 person/day mainly due to:1. Absence of adequate productive systems and the need to renovate coffee plants with more productive and coffee rust and CBD resistant varieties resulting in low income for coffee growers.2. Excess water usage in coffee processing and water source contamination.3. Home wastewaters generation and their inadequate disposition that pollute water tributaries, deteriorate communities’ wellbeing and breach Colombian legislation.4. Limited access to markets due to low productivity and weak local commercialization infrastructure.

Solution Overview

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, coffee is the major source of income for more than 2.000.000 people. Coffee growing represents: labor demand, productive opportunities, working occupation, and the major source of income in 620 municipalities in Colombia. Hence the importance of this activity as a basis for the reduction of poverty and enabler of peace conditions in the rural area.In that sense, the Project seeks to strengthen the productive systems of 22.000 coffee families in the northern region of Colombia, as a mechanism to overcome poverty, dignify communities’ life-conditions and to reduce the gap between rural and urban areas:Goals:1.Increase in coffee productivity: from 530kg/ha on average to 1,100kg/ha through resistant varieties and agronomical best practices implementation2.Reduction of water consumption during coffee transformation: from 40lts/1kg c.p.s. (c.p.s. = dry parchment coffee) to less than 1lt/1kg c.p.s. 3.Decrease water pollution: from disposing of domestic wastewater and coffee production directly to the land or to tributaries of water, 100% of them will be treated to mitigate or eliminate their negative impact on the environment. 4.Increase in income: due to higher productivity, there will be a greater quantity and higher quality of coffee to be sold. Through efficient commercial strategies and local infrastructure, coffee growers will be able to obtain a higher income.5.Improve the life quality of coffee growers and their families through the installation/adaptation of basic sanitation systems.

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